Osseous surgery, also called pocket reduction surgery or periodontal pocket treatment, is a procedure used to eliminate bacteria from deep periodontal pockets caused by periodontitis. Osseous surgery is one of the more advanced periodontal treatments, generally used if simpler treatments fail to repair the damage caused by periodontitis.

Sapphire Smiles is one of the most reputable dental clinics in Houston Heights. Our dentist examines your periodontal pocket to curate the ideal periodontal pocket treatment plan. Our goal is to treat periodontitis using minimally invasive procedures, like dental deep cleaning. However, we may recommend osseous surgery if you have advanced periodontitis. Please continue reading to learn more about osseous surgery at Sapphire Smiles.

Are you suffering from advanced periodontitis? Find out if Osseous Surgery is right for you.

Introduction to Osseous Surgery, aka Periodontal Pocket Treatment

The pocket of space between your gums and teeth should be less than 3 millimeters deep. However, if you have gum disease, the periodontal pocket may widen until you have 4 or 5 millimeter deep pockets. Having deep pockets makes the region harder to clean with simple procedures like dental deep cleaning. Furthermore, as bacteria accumulate in the deep pockets, you eventually suffer from advanced periodontitis, which can lead to severe complications, including loss of teeth.

Osseous surgery, also called pocket reduction surgery or periodontal pocket treatment, is a procedure used to remove the bacteria from the deep pockets and restore the original healthy condition of your gums. To achieve that, the dentist pulls back the infected gum flaps to remove the bacteria and the infected tissues. The dentist also treats or repairs the damaged bone structure, restoring the original health and appearance of your gum tissues.

Are you suffering from a tooth infection? Osseous surgery may be right for you. Book your appointment today.

Necessity of Osseous Surgery

Mild gum disease (gingivitis) is extremely common, and it’s believed that most people suffer from gingivitis at some point in their lives. If the gum disease hasn’t spread to your jawbone or connective tissues, it can be treated with simple teeth cleaning or periodontal laser treatment.

However, if left untreated, the bacterial infection continues spreading until it damages the underlying bone structure and expands the periodontal pockets to 5 millimeters or more. As periodontitis continues, it leads to a complete gum recession, which can eventually lead to loss of a tooth.

Once the bacterial infection reaches your jawbone structure and connective tissues, you must opt for osseous surgery. Also called periodontal pocket treatment, it reduces the periodontal space in your gums, kills the bacteria, treats the infected bone tissues, and repairs damage caused by periodontitis. As such, you need osseous surgery as a last resort against tooth loss.

Step-by-Step Overview of Periodontal Pocket Treatment

  • Before the periodontal pocket treatment, the dentist will give you a local anesthetic to numb sensation.
  • The dentist will make an incision along the gumline and pull back the gingival flaps to reveal the periodontal pocket and bacteria.
  • The dentist will smoothen the damaged bone structures and remove the infected gum and bone tissues.
  • If you’ve lost considerable bone and gum tissues, the dentist may recommend guided bone tissue regeneration. In that case, the dentist will plant bone graft materials or tissue membrane into the gum flaps to regrow lost gum and bone tissues.
  • The dentist will sew your gums back and cover them with a dressing.

Are you behind on your oral maintenance? Let our skilled dentist tell you about your dental cleaning options. Schedule today!

Osseous Surgery Q&As

When is osseous surgery performed?

Osseous surgery is performed when you’re suffering from advanced periodontitis, i.e., when the periodontal pockets are so deep that they can’t be cleaned with regular teeth cleaning. Osseous surgery is also necessary when the bone structure around your teeth is damaged by a bacterial infection.

Is osseous surgery safe?

Osseous surgery is a completely safe procedure with a high success rate. However, osseous surgery may lead to some side effects, such as tooth sensitivity, gum recession, bleeding, or tooth loss. If the infection has corrupted much of your soft and hard tissues, the dentist won’t have any option but to remove the infected teeth and gums. However, your dentist will also discuss restorative procedures to restore the general health of your gums and teeth, including guided bone tissue regeneration.

What is recovery from pocket reduction surgery like?

The entire pocket reduction surgery concludes within 2 hours, and you can resume all your daily activities a few days after the procedure. The dentist will ask you to follow certain lifestyle habits:

  • Stop smoking.
  • Don’t use straws while your mouth is healing.
  • Eat soft foods for a few days.
  • Don’t participate in strenuous physical activities for a few days.
  • Rinse your mouth with saltwater.
  • Manage the swelling with an ice pack outside your mouth.

Do gums grow back after osseous surgery?

Gums can grow back if the dentist uses gum tissue grafts during osseous surgery. If you have significant loss of gum tissues, the dentist may plant gum tissue grafts to encourage dental gum regeneration.

Do you want to learn more about Osseous Surgery? Ask us!

Contact Sapphire Smiles for Osseous Surgery in Houston Heights

Sapphire Smiles is a reputable and state-of-the-art dental clinic in Houston Heights, Texas. Our dentist carefully examines your teeth and gums during regular dental checkups. Our goal is to help you prevent gum disease and dental problems altogether. During regular dental checkups, our dentist looks for warning signs of gum disease, allowing us to treat it at the earliest stage with simple teeth cleaning. However, if you have advanced periodontitis, our dentist may recommend osseous surgery. For more information, please schedule an appointment for osseous surgery at Sapphire Smiles, Houston Heights.