Periodontal therapy refers to treatments for periodontal disease, a common gum disease that affects around 3 out of 4 adults at some point in their lives. Periodontitis can be mild or severe. As such, there are various types of periodontal therapy procedures depending on the severity of periodontitis, including dental deep cleaning, gum sculpting, and more.

At Sapphire Smiles, our dentist examines your teeth for signs of gum disease during regular dental checkups. If you have gum disease or periodontitis, our dentist treats it with non-surgical periodontal therapy, comprising scaling and root planing, before proceeding to more advanced periodontal treatments. Please continue reading to learn about dental deep cleaning for periodontitis at Sapphire Smiles.

Before and After

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Importance of Periodontal Therapy

During your dental visit, the dentist will use an instrument to measure the pockets of space around your teeth, between the gums and teeth. The depth of gum pockets usually determines if you need periodontal therapy or dental deep cleaning.

According to the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR), your gum pockets should be less than 3 millimeters deep. If your gum pockets are deeper than 5 millimeters, you are said to be suffering from gum disease or periodontitis.

Your doctor will recommend periodontal therapy to treat gum disease or periodontitis. However, periodontal therapy is a broad term that encapsulates a wide range of treatments, from dental cleaning to periodontal surgery. At the initial stages, your dentist will recommend periodontal deep cleaning with scaling and root planing.

Periodontal therapy is necessary to catch and stop gum disease before it worsens, which would necessitate surgery. If periodontitis advances, it will eventually lead to severe gum infections and gum recession, which may also lead to bone loss, tooth loss, and more.

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Types of Dental Cleaning

  • Prophylaxis Dental Cleaning: During prophylaxis dental cleaning (otherwise called routine teeth cleaning), the dentist will use periodontal scaling to remove all the accumulated plaque and tartar from your teeth. At this stage, the bacterial infection can be removed on the surface level since there is no gum recession.
  • Periodontal Scaling & Root Planing: You’ll need a periodontal scaling and root planing if the bacterial infection has deepened your gum pockets, leading to gum recession. Also known as periodontal deep cleaning, scaling and root planing consists of the dentist removing all the accumulated plaque and tartar, and securing the gum tissues around the tooth.
  • Gross Debriment: Gross debriment is a procedure used to examine your teeth to determine if you need a periodontal scaling and root planing, generally done if you haven’t had a dental checkup for over a year.

Periodontal Deep Cleaning Procedure

Periodontal deep cleaning is a non-surgical procedure used to treat gum disease and periodontitis in its early stages. Dental deep cleaning, also called scaling and root planing, is usually done under local anesthesia, so you don’t feel anything.

The following are the two steps involved in periodontal deep cleaning.

  • Scaling: During periodontal scaling, the dentist removes the plaque and tartar from your teeth’s surface and from the pockets between your teeth and gums. The dentist may perform scaling with a scaler or an electriceor ultrasonic instrument.
  • Root Planing: During root planing, the dentist will use a scaling device to remove the accumulated plaque and tartar from your teeth and gum pockets. Following that, they will clean the roots of the tooth, eliminating all the bacteria from the gum pockets. Once the gum disease is treated, the dentist will secure the gum tissues around the loose tooth, closing the gum pockets and treating receding gums.

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Periodontal Therapy Q&As

Which dental treatment is suitable for receding gums issues?

Periodontal scaling and root planing are the ideal treatments for receding gums. During the procedure, the dentist folds back the gum tissues to remove the harmful bacteria from the deep pockets of space between the gums and teeth. Once the bacteria colony is removed, the dentist smoothens the tooth’s root and secures the gum tissues around the tooth, eliminating the pockets.

Can periodontitis be halted or reversed?

Periodontitis can be halted or reversed if you catch it at an early stage. During the initial stages of gum disease, the dentist can treat gum disease by removing the accumulated plaque and tartar, and securing the gums around the tooth’s root.

Can laser help treat my gum disease?

Laser treatment is a suitable periodontal therapy procedure that kills and eliminates the bacteria, treating gum disease. However, laser treatment may not be necessary if you catch gum disease at an early stage.

What are the symptoms of gum disease?

Ideally, you should consult a dentist if you notice any of the initial signs and symptoms of gum disease, such as tender or bleeding gums, swollen gums, redness, persistent bad breath, loose teeth, pain while chewing, or receding gums.

When do you need a periodontist?

You should contact a periodontist or dentist as soon as you notice the signs of gum disease or an increased gum pocket.

Is deep cleaning the same as scaling and root planing?

Yes, deep cleaning is another name for scaling and root planing, necessary for gum disease treatment.

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Contact Sapphire Smiles for Periodontal Maintenance in Houston Heights

At Sapphire Smiles, our dentist carefully examines your teeth and gums for signs of gum disease during your regular dental checkups. If you have any signs of periodontitis, he treats it using non-surgical periodontal therapy before it gets worse. For more information, please schedule an appointment for periodontal maintenance at Sapphire Smiles, Houston Heights.